Mohammad Ghaffari is known as Kamal-ol-molk, a contemporary painter who was born in 1847 in Kashan, Iran. He is counted as one of the most influential contemporary artists of Iran.
Kamal-ol-molk is one of the first Iranians who was sent to Europe for study. He spent more than 3 years in Florence, Rome, and Paris studying and gaining experience in different museums. Then in the year 1900 based on the order of Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, he came back to Iran and started working here. But soon he found disagreement with the king and left the court (palace) of the king. Kamal-ol-molk translated some papers from famous liberal writers and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, during the beginning of the Persian Constitutional Revolution, which showed that he agrees with the revolution.
In the year 1940, Kamal-ol-molk passed away at the age of 93 due to natural death in Neyshabur. His body was buried in the vicinity of Attar of Neyshabur Tomb. Kamal-ol-molk Tomb was designed and built by Houshang Seihoun. Kamal-ol-molk Tomb was built using mosaics, this type of mosaic refers to Kashan architecture, Kamal-ol-molk birthplace. Moreover, the type of the building and the color of the mosaics coordinates so well with the Attar of Neyshabur Tomb.